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Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland

Country Fact Sheet
Capital Tallinn
Surface 45,226 sq kms
Currency Estonian kroon (EEK)
GDP Purchasing power parity -$28.6 billion
GDP/Capita (PPP)-$21,900
Language Estonian, Russian
Religion Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1%

parliamentary republic

Time Zone GMT +2 hours 
Telecom Code +372

Tallinn Airport (TLL/EETN), Kardla Airport (KDL), Kuressaare Airport (URE/EEKE), Parnu Airport (EPU), Tartu Airport (TAY)

Driving On right hand side of the road, license required
Electrical 230V, 50Hz
Political Climate Stable country
Population 1307605 people

In 1227 the German crusading order of the Sword Brethren defeated the last Estonian stronghold. The people were Christianized, colonized, and enserfed. Despite attempts to restore independence, Estonia was divided among three domains, and small states were formed. Tallinn joined the Hanseatic League in 1248.

Despite successful Russian raids and invasions in 1481 and 1558, the local German barons continued to rule Estonia and since 1524 preserved Estonian commitment to the Protestant Reformation. Northern Estonia submitted to Swedish control in 1561 during the Livonian Wars, and during 1582-83 southern Estonia (Livonia) became part of Poland's Duchy of Courland.

In 1625, mainland Estonia came entirely under Swedish rule. In 1631, the Swedish king Gustav II Adolf granted the peasantry greater autonomy, opened the first known Estonian-language school in Tallinn, and in 1632 established a printing press and university in the city of Tartu. Sweden's defeat by Russia in 1721 resulted in the Uusikaupunki Peace Treaty, and Russian rule was then imposed in what became modern Estonia. Nonetheless, the legal system, Lutheran church, local and town governments, and education remained mostly German until the late 19th century and partially until 1918.

By 1819, the Baltic provinces were the first in the Russian empire in which serfdom was abolished, allowing the peasants to own their own land or move to the cities. These moves created the economic foundation for the Estonian national cultural awakening that had lain dormant for some 600 years of foreign rule. Estonia was caught in a current of national awakening that began sweeping through Europe in the mid-1800s

Local Business & Service Providers
» Meriton Hotel
Automotive services
» Ollex
Business travel
» ABC Tours Estonia
Corporate incentives
Financial services
» Marfin Bank
Financial Technology
» Hill & Knowlton
Intellectual Property
» Marsh
Legal and fiduciary
» Maqs Law Firm
» Hollywood Club
Local Radio
» 102.3 Raadio 2
» 105.1 Vikerraadio
» 91.0 Radio Uuno
» 92.5 Raadio Viru
Local Weather Forecast
» BBC Weather
» Reuters
Government Agencies
» Eesti Pank [Bank of Estonia]
» Eesti Raadio [Estonian Radio]
» Enterprises Register
» Estonian Investment Agency
» Land Office
» Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
» Ministry of Finance
» Statistics Office
» Tourism Office
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